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Antarctic Research Series



  • Ecology—Research—Antarctica—Antarctic Peninsula Region

Index Terms

  • 4207 Oceanography: General: Arctic and Antarctic oceanography
  • 4815 Oceanography: Biological and Chemical: Ecosystems, structure and dynamics
  • 4855 Oceanography: Biological and Chemical: Plankton
  • 9310 Information Related to Geographic Region: Antarctica



Historical perspective of research in the Antarctic peninsula region

S. Z. El-Sayed

This chapter attempts to put into historical perspective the evolution and present status of marine biological/oceanographic research in an increasingly important region of the Southern Ocean. In tracing the history of this development, one notes that the biological exploration of the Antarctic seas has undergone several successive phases beginning with the small, yet important, role played by the early naturalists/natural historians in the expeditions of James Cook, Charles Wilkes and James Clark Ross, through the ‘Heroic Age’ at the turn of the century, the IGY, the Eltanin and the BIOMASS years. The post-BIOMASS phase is noted for the initiation of several scientific multidisciplinary programs to study phenomena and processes of global significance in which Antarctica and its surrounding seas play a key role.

Citation: El-Sayed, S. Z. (1996), Historical perspective of research in the Antarctic peninsula region, in Foundations for Ecological Research West of the Antarctic Peninsula, Antarct. Res. Ser., vol. 70, edited by E. E. Hofmann, R. M. Ross, and L. B. Quetin, pp. 1–13, AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/AR070p0001.

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