GEOPHYSICAL MONOGRAPH SERIES, VOL. 53, PP. 161-171, 1989
Ray paths of electromagnetic and electrostatic waves in the Earth and planetary magnetospheres
Department of Electrical Engineering II, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606, Japan
Various wave phenomena whose ray path analyses are essential for the interpretation of the phenomena are briefly reviewed,
namely the whistler-mode, ion cyclotron mode, free space mode, Z mode, and the upper hybrid or electrostatic electron cyclotron
harmonic mode. Then three-dimensional ray tracing techniques are summarized in both cold and hot plasmas. Some applications
of ray paths calculated by the latest computer programs are also shown.
Citation: Kimura, I. (1989), Ray paths of electromagnetic and electrostatic waves in the Earth and planetary magnetospheres, in Plasma Waves and Instabilities at Comets and in Magnetospheres, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 53, edited by