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Geophysical Monograph Series



  • Mesosphere—Research
  • Thermosphere—Research

Index Terms

  • 3332 Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: Mesospheric dynamics
  • 3337 Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: Numerical modeling and data assimilation
  • 3369 Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: Thermospheric dynamics (0358)
  • 3384 Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: Waves and tides

The Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere: A Review of Experiment and Theory

Vol. 87, 1995

ISSN: 0065-8448; ISBN: 0-87590-044-5

The Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere: A Review of Experiment and Theory

R. M. Johnson and T. L. Killeen (Eds.)

This volume provides a review of progress made in recent years in experimental and theoretical investigation of the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere and coupling between these regions and the ionosphere. Detailed study of the mesosphere/lower thermosphere/ionosphere (MLTI) region has historically been difficult because of its relative inaccessibility to direct measurement techniques and the complex and highly coupled processes which occur there. Although we have still not successfully unraveled all these complex interactions, we have made significant recent progress toward a fuller understanding of the basic state of the MLTI and of the dominant wave and coupling processes. This monograph includes a set of tutorial papers, which review our current understanding of aspects of the MLTI. These tutorials are interspersed with a selection of papers describing research progress on various topics of current interest in this region. The book should therefore be useful both to the newcomer, as an introduction to this field of research, and to the more experienced researcher, providing an overview of research in progress as well as a convenient reference collection of papers describing our current understanding.

Citation: Johnson, R. M., and T. L. Killeen (Eds.) (1995), The Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere: A Review of Experiment and Theory, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 87, 356 pp., AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/GM087.

Johnson, R. M.; Killeen, T. L.


pp. xi-xi

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Roble, Raymond G.

Energetics of the mesosphere and thermosphere

pp. 1-21

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Fuller-Rowell, T. J.

The dynamics of the lower thermosphere

pp. 23-36

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Schunk, R. W.; Sojka, J. J.

The lower ionosphere at high latitudes

pp. 37-47

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Richmond, A. D.

The ionospheric wind dynamo: Effects of its coupling with different atmospheric regions

pp. 49-65

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Forbes, Jeffrey M.

Tidal and planetary waves

pp. 67-87

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Fritts, David C.

Gravity wave forcing and effects in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere

pp. 89-100

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Palo, S. E.; Avery, S. K.

Observations of the meridional quasi two-day wave in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere at Christmas Island

pp. 101-110

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Parish, H. F.; Forbes, J. M.; Kamalabadi, F.

Analysis of wave signatures in the equatorial ionosphere

pp. 111-119

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Fritts, David C.

Gravity wave-tidal interactions in the middle atmosphere: Observations and theory

pp. 121-131

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Walterscheid, Richard L.

Gravity wave mean state interactions in the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere

pp. 133-144

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

McLandress, Charles; Ward, W. E.

Modulation of gravity wave drag in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere by tides and the effects on the time mean flow-model results

pp. 145-152

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Gardner, Chester S.

Scale-independent diffusive filtering theory of gravity wave spectra in the atmosphere

pp. 153-175

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Taylor, M. J.; Taylor, V.; Edwards, R.

An investigation of thunderstorms as a source of short period mesospheric gravity waves

pp. 177-184

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Thomas, Gary E.

Climatology of polar mesospheric clouds: Interannual variability and implications for long-term trends

pp. 185-200

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Reid, George C.

Charge balance at the summer polar mesopause: Ice particles, electrons, and PMSE

pp. 201-207

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Sugiyama, Takuya

Ionic nucleation of ice particles in noctilucent clouds

pp. 209-214

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Goldberg, R. A.; Jackman, C. H.; Baker, D. N.; Herrero, F. A.

Changes in the concentration of mesospheric O3 and OH during a highly relativistic electron precipitation event

pp. 215-223

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Barth, Charles A.

Nitric oxide in the lower thermosphere

pp. 225-233

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Gérard, J.-C.; Shematovich, V. I.; Bisikalo, D. V.

The role of fast N(4S) atoms and energetic photoelectrons on the distribution of NO in the Thermosphere

pp. 235-241

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Murtagh, Donal P.

The state of O2 in the mesopause region

pp. 243-249

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Belikovich, V. V.; Benediktov, E. A.; Tolmacheva, A. V.

Measurements of electron density profiles in the ionosphere using artificial periodic inhomogeneities

pp. 251-254

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Hamilton, Kevin

Aspects of mesospheric simulation in a comprehensive general circulation model

pp. 255-264

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Chan, K. L.; Mayr, H. G.; Mengel, J. G.; Harris, I.

A numerical spectral model for the mean zonal circulation and the tides in the middle and upper atmosphere

pp. 265-278

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Raskin, R. G.; Bums, A. G.; Killeen, T. L.; Roble, R. G.

Energy spectrum of the NCAR-TIGCM lower thermosphere

pp. 279-286

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Sundberg, R. L.; Duff, J. W.; Gruninger, J. H.; Bernstein, L. S.; Matthew, M. W.; Adler-Golden, S. M.; Robertson, D. C.; Sharma, R. D.; Brown, J. H.; Healey, R. J.

SHARC, a model for calculating atmospheric infrared radiation under non-equilibrium conditions

pp. 287-295

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Shepherd, G. G.; Thuillier, G.; Solheim, B. H.; Rochon, Y. J.; Criswick, J.; Gault, W. A.; Peterson, R. N.; Wiens, R. H.; Zhang, S.-P.

WINDII on UARS: Status report and preliminary results

pp. 297-304

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Torr, D. G.; Torr, M. R.; Morgan, M. F.; Chang, T.; Owens, J. K.; Fennelly, J. A.; Richards, P. G.; Baldridge, T. W.

Preliminary results from the imaging spectrometric observatory flown on ATLAS 1

pp. 305-322

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Ward, W. E.; Llewellyn, E. J.; Rochon, Y.; Tai, C. C.; Brooks, W. S. C.; Solheim, B. H.; Shepherd, G. G.

Spatial variability in O(1S) and O2(b1Σg+) emissions as observed with the wind imaging interferometer (WINDII) on UARS

pp. 323-328

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Oftland, D. A.; Hays, P. B.; Skinner, W. R.; Burrage, M. D.; Marshall, A. R.; Gell, D. A.

A sequential estimation technique for recovering atmospheric data from orbiting satellites

pp. 329-337

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Crowley, Geoffrey; Schoendorf, Jacqueline; Roble, Raymond G.; Marcos, Frank A.

Satellite observations of neutral density cells in the lower thermosphere at high latitudes

pp. 339-348

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Moe, Mildred M.; Wallace, Steven D.; Moe, Kenneth

Recommended drag coefficients for aeronomic satellites

pp. 349-356

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

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