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Geophysical Monograph Series



  • Diffusion
  • Mass transfer
  • Gas dynamics
  • Fluid dynamics
  • Transport theory
  • Ocean-atmosphere interaction

Index Terms

  • 0305 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Aerosols and particles (0345, 4801)
  • 0312 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Air/sea constituent fluxes (3339, 4504)
  • 0315 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Biosphere/atmosphere interactions
  • 1610 Global Change: Atmosphere (0315, 0325)

Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces

Vol. 127, 2002

ISSN: 0065-8448; ISBN: 0-87590-986-8

Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces

M. A. Donelan, W. M. Drennan, E. S. Saltzman, and R. Wanninkhof (Eds.)

The transfer of gases across the air-water interface has received much attention over the past two decades, particularly in light of increased societal interest in the exchange of greenhouse gases and pollutants between natural water bodies and the atmosphere. Gas transfer at the interface between liquids and gases holds great fascination for a wide range of researchers, from fluid dynamicists to biogeochemists. However, the phenomena of gas transfer, and the problems we face in understanding them, involve daunting issues, including multi-phase flows over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. Such complexity is increased by the presence of surface films of both natural and anthropogenic origin, which can modify the physical and chemical nature of the interface. As a result, the challenge of working on gas transfer has stimulated the development of multidisciplinary, collaborative efforts and the development of a variety of innovative experimental and observational techniques.

Citation: Donelan, M. A., W. M. Drennan, E. S. Saltzman, and R. Wanninkhof (Eds.) (2002), Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 127, 383 pp., AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/GM127.

Donelan, Mark A.; Drennan, William M.; Saltzman, Eric S.; Wanninkhof, Rik


pp. ix-x

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Donelan, Mark A.; Wanninkhof, Rik

Gas transfer at water surfaces—concepts and issues

pp. 1-10

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Siddiqui, Muhammad H. K.; Loewen, Mark R.; Richardson, Christine; Asher, William E.; Jessup, Andrew T.

Turbulence generated by microscale breaking waves and its influence on air-water gas transfer

pp. 11-16

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Peirson, William L.; Banner, Michael L.

On the surface kinematics of microscale breaking wind waves

pp. 17-22

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Zappal, C. J.; Asher, W. E.; Jessup, A. T.; Klinke, J.; Long, S. R.

Effect of microscale wave breaking on air-water gas transfer

pp. 23-29

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Caulliez, Guillemette

Statistics of geometric properties of breaking wind waves observed in laboratory

pp. 31-37

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Bock, Erik John; Bearer Edson, James; Frew, Nelson M.; Hara, Tetsu; Haussecker, Horst; Jähne, Bernd; McGillis, Wade R.; McKenna, Sean P.; Nelson, Robert K.; Schimpf, Uwe; Uz, Mete

Overview of the CoOP experiments: Physical and chemical measurements parameterizing air-sea heat exchange

pp. 39-44

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Hara, Tetsu; Uz, B. Mete; Wei, Hua; Edson, James B.; Frew, Nelson M.; McGillis, Wade R.; McKenna, Sean P.; Bock, Erik J.; Haußecker, Horst; Schimpf, Uwe

Surface wave observations during CoOP experiments and their relation to air-sea gas transfer

pp. 45-49

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Schimpf, Uwe; Jähne, Bernd; Haußecker, Horst

On the investigations of statistical properties of the micro turbulence at the ocean surface

pp. 51-57

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Chapron, Bertrand; Vandemark, D.; Elfouhaily, T.

On the skewness of the sea slope probability distribution

pp. 59-63

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Hwang, Paul A.; Wang, David W.

Directional distributions and mean square slopes of surface waves

pp. 65-70

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Tsai, Wu-ting

Numerical simulation of hydrodynamic processes beneath a wind-driven water surface

pp. 71-75

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Kunugi, Tomoaki; Satake, Shin-ichi

Direct numerical simulation of turbulent free surface flow with carbon-dioxide gas absorption

pp. 77-82

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Woodrow, Philip T., Jr.; Duke, Steve R.

LIF measurements of oxygen concentration gradients along flat and wavy air-water interfaces

pp. 83-88

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Takehara, Kohsei; Etoh, Goji T.

A direct visualization method of CO2 gas transfer at water surface driven by wind waves

pp. 89-95

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Kato, Hajime; Nobuoka, Hisamichi; Ooshima, Naoki

Measurements of wind-driven current near the water surface by the use of the PTV method

pp. 97-102

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Haussecker, Horst W.; Schimpf, Uwe; Garbe, Christoph S.; Jähne, Bernd

Physics from ir image sequences: Quantitative analysis of transport models and parameters of air-sea gas transfer

pp. 103-108

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Garbe, Christoph S.; Jähne, Bernd; Haußecker, Horst

Measuring the sea surface heat flux and probability distribution of surface renewal events

pp. 109-114

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Mizuno, Shinjiro

Effects of counter-swell on both the mean current and turbulent structure below the wind-waves

pp. 115-120

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Long, Steven R.; Klinke, Jochen

A Closer look at short waves generated by wave interactions with adverse currents

pp. 121-128

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

McKenna, Sean P.; McGillis, Wade R.

Surface divergence and air-water gas transfer

pp. 129-134

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

MacIntyre, Sally; Eugster, Werner; Kling, George W.

The critical importance of buoyancy flux for gas flux across the air-water interface

pp. 135-139

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Soloviev, Alexander; Schluessel, Peter

A model of air-sea gas exchange incorporating the physics of the turbulent boundary layer and the properties of the sea surface

pp. 141-146

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Panin, G.N.; Nasonov, A.E.; Sarkisian, S.G.

Air-lake interaction and surface layer processes

pp. 147-151

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Frew, Nelson M.; Nelson, Robert K.; McGillis, Wade R.; Edson, James B.; Bock, Erik J.; Hara, Tetsu

Spatial variations in surface microlayer surfactants and their role in modulating air-sea exchange

pp. 153-159

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Hanafin, Jennifer A.; Minnett, Peter J.

Thermal profiling of the sea surface skin layer using FTIR measurements

pp. 161-166

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Ward, Brian; Minnett, Peter J.

An autonomous profiler for near surface temperature measurements

pp. 167-172

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Feely, R. A.; Wanninkhof, R.; Hansell, D. A.; Lamb, M. F.; Greeley, D.; Lee, K.

Water column CO2 measurements during the Gas Ex-98 expedition

pp. 173-180

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Soloviev, Alexander; Edson, Jim; McGillis, Wade; Schluessel, Peter; Wanninkof, Rik

Fine thermohaline structure and gas-exchange in the near-surface layer of the ocean during GasEx-98

pp. 181-185

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Dulov, V.A.; Kudryavtsev, V.N.; Bol'shakov, A.N.

A field study of whitecap coverage and its modulations by energy containing surface waves

pp. 187-192

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Monahan, Edward C.

The physical and practical implications of a CO2 gas transfer coefficient that varies as the cube of the wind speed

pp. 193-197

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Asher, William; Edson, James; McGillis, Wade; Wanninkhof, Rik; Ho, David T.; Litchendor, Trina

Fractional area whitecap coverage and air-sea gas transfer velocities measured during GasEx-98

pp. 199-203

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Woolf, David Kevin

Gas transfer in energetic conditions

pp. 205-211

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Stevens, Craig L.; Smith, M. J.; McGregor, J. A.

Estimation of whitecap coverage percentage using shallow grazing-angle video and FMICW radar

pp. 213-218

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Oost, Wiebe; Jacobs, Cor; Kohsiek, Wim; Goossens, Guus; van der Horn, Jaap; Sprung, Detlev; Rapsomanikis, Spyros; Kenntner, Thomas; Reiner, Thomas; Bowyer, Peter; Larsen, Søren; de Leeuw, Gerrit; Kunz, Gerard; Hall, Alan; Liss, Peter; Malin, Gill; Upstill-Goddard, Rob; Woolf, David; Graham, Angus; Nightingale, Phil; Fairall, Chris; Hare, Jeff; Dissly, Richard; Tans, Pieter; Anderson, Bob; Smith, Stu

ASGAMAGE, the Air-Sea Gas Exchange/MAGE experiment

pp. 219-223

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Jacobs, Cor; Nightingale, Phil; Upstill-Goddard, Rob; Friis Kjeld, Jørgen; Larsen, Søren; Oost, Wiebe

Comparison of the deliberate tracer method and eddy covariance measurements to determine the air/sea transfer velocity of CO2

pp. 225-231

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Jean-Baptiste, Philippe; Fourré, Elise; Poisson, Alain

Gas transfer velocities for 3He in a lake at high wind speeds

pp. 233-238

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Gulliver, J. S.; Erickson, B.; Zaske, A. J.; Shimon, K. S.

Measurement uncertainty in gas exchange coefficients

pp. 239-245

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Orlins, Joseph J.; Gulliver, John S.

Measurements of free surface turbulence

pp. 247-253

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Atmane, Mohamed A.; George, Jacques

Gas transfer across a zero-shear surface: A local approach

pp. 255-259

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Bortkovskii, Roman S.

Atmosphere-ocean gas exchange due to bubbles generated by wind wave breaking

pp. 261-264

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Kakuno, Shohachi; Moog, Douglas B.; Tatekawa, Tetsuya; Takemura, Kenji; Yamagishi, Tatsuya

The effect of bubbles on air-water oxygen transfer in the breaker zone

pp. 265-270

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

de Leeuw, Gerrit; Cohen, Leo H.

Bubble size distributions on the North Atlantic and North Sea

pp. 271-277

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Stokes, Dale; Deane, Grant; Vagle, Svein; Farmer, David

Measurements of large bubbles in open-ocean whitecaps

pp. 279-284

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Komori, Satoru; Misumi, Ryuta

The effects of bubbles on mass transfer across the breaking air-water interface

pp. 285-290

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

de Leeuw, G.; Kunz, G.J.; Caulliez, G.; Woolf, D.K.; Bowver, P.; Leifer, I.; Nightingale, P.; Liddicoat, M.; Rhee, T.S.; Andreae, M.O.; Larsen, S.E.; Hansen, F.Aa; Lun, S.

LUMINY—An overview

pp. 291-294

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

de Leeuw, Gerrit; Leifer, Ira

Bubbles outside the plume during the LUMINY wind-wave experiment

pp. 295-301

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Leifer, Ira; de Leeuw, Gerrit

Bubble measurements in breaking-wave generated bubble plumes during the LUMINY wind-wave experiment

pp. 303-309

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Mori, Nobuhito; Imamura, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Ryosuke

An experimental study of bubble mediated gas exchange for a single bubble

pp. 311-313

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Patro, Ranjan; Leifer, Ira; Bowyer, Peter

Better bubble process modeling: Improved bubble hydrodynamics parameterization

pp. 315-320

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Cooper, W. John; Alaee, Mehran; Donelan, Mark

Development and testing of an eddy accumulator

pp. 321-324

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Glover, David M.; Frew, Nelson M.; McCue, Scott J.; Bock, Erik J.

A multi-year time series of global gas transfer velocity from the TOPEX dual frequency, normalized radar backscatter algorithm

pp. 325-331

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Erickson, David J., III; Hernandez, Jose L.

A global, high resolution, satellite-based model of air-sea isoprene flux

pp. 333-341

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Bentamy, Abderrahim; Katsaros, Kristina B.; Drennan, William M.; Forde, Evan B.

Daily surface wind fields produced by merged satellite data

pp. 343-349

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Wanninkhof, Rik; Doney, Scott C.; Takahashi, Taro; McGillis, Wade R.

The effect of using time-averaged winds on regional air-sea CO2 fluxes

pp. 351-356

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Boumansour, Badre E.; Dufayt, Olivier; Vasel, Jean L.; Hiver, Jean M.

A dynamic method to estimate the reoxygenation rate at hydraulic structures

pp. 357-361

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Lang, Cornelia

Mass transfer in bubbly flows: Influence of physico-chemical and hydrodynamic conditions

pp. 363-369

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Moog, Douglas B.; Jirka, Gerhard H.

Air-water gas transfer in uniform flows with large gravel-bed roughness

pp. 371-375

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Tsoukala, V.K.; Daniil, E.I.; Moutzouris, C.I.

Large scale laboratory experiments for water oxygenation under breaking waves

pp. 377-383

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

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