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Geophysical Monograph Series



  • Subduction zones

Inside the Subduction Factory

Vol. 138, 2003

ISSN: 0065-8448; ISBN: 0-87590-997-3

Inside the Subduction Factory

J. Eiler (Ed.)

Subduction zones helped nucleate and grow the continents, they fertilize and lubricate the earth's interior, they are the site of most subaerial volcanism and many major earthquakes, and they yield a large fraction of the earth's precious metals. They are obvious targets for study—almost anything you learn is likely to impact important problems—yet arriving at a general understanding is notoriously difficult: Each subduction zone is distinct, differing in some important aspect from other subduction zones; fundamental aspects of their mechanics and igneous processes differ from those in other, relatively well-understood parts of the earth; and there are few direct samples of some of their most important metamorphic and metasomatic processes. As a result, even first-order features of subduction zones have generated conflict and apparent paradox. A central question about convergent margins, for instance—how vigorous magmatism can occur where plates sink and the mantle cools—has a host of mutually inconsistent answers: Early suggestions that magmatism resulted from melting subducted crust have been emphatically disproved and recently just as emphatically revived; the idea that melting is fluxed by fluid released from subducted crust is widely held but cannot explain the temperatures and volatile contents of many arc magmas; generations of kinematic and dynamic models have told us the mantle sinks at convergent margins, yet strong evidence suggests that melting there is often driven by upwelling. In contrast, our understanding ofwhy volcanoes appear at ocean ridges and “hotspots”—although still presenting their own chestnuts—are fundamentally solved problems.

Citation: Eiler, J. (Ed.) (2003), Inside the Subduction Factory, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 138, 311 pp., AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/GM138.

Eiler, John M.


pp. vii-viii

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Eiler, John M.


pp. 1-6

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Peacock, Simon M.

Thermal structure and metamorphic evolution of subducting slabs

pp. 7-22

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Elliott, Tim

Tracers of the slab

pp. 23-45

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Helffrich, George

Basic principles of electromagnetic and seismological investigation of shallow subduction zone structure

pp. 47-57

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Wiens, Douglas A.; Smith, Gideon P.

Seismological constraints on structure and flow patterns within the mantle wedge

pp. 59-81

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Hirth, Greg; Kohlstedt, David

Rheology of the upper mantle and the mantle wedge: A view from the experimentalists

pp. 83-105

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Gaetani, Glenn A.; Grove, Timothy L.

Experimental constraints on melt generation in the mantle wedge

pp. 107-134

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Karato, Shun-ichiro

Mapping water content in the upper mantle

pp. 135-152

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Carr, M. J.; Feigenson, M. D.; Patino, L. C.; Walker, J. A.

Volcanism and geochemistry in Central America: Progress and problems

pp. 153-174

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Stern, Robert J.; Fouch, Matthew J.; Klemperer, Simon L.

An overview of the Izu-Bonin-Mariana subduction factory

pp. 175-222

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Kelemen, Peter B.; Yogodzinski, Gene M.; Scholl, David W.

Along-strike variation in the Aleutian Island Arc: Genesis of high Mg# andesite and implications for continental crust

pp. 223-276

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Tatsumi, Yoshiyuki

Some constraints on arc magma genesis

pp. 277-292

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Kelemen, Peter B.; Rilling, Jennifer L.; Parmentier, E. M.; Mehl, Luc; Hacker, Bradley R.

Thermal structure due to solid-state flow in the mantle wedge beneath arcs

pp. 293-311

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

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