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Geophysical Monograph Series



  • Volcanic gases—Environmental aspects
  • Volcanic ash, tuff, etc.—Environmental aspects
  • Air—Polution

Volcanism and the Earth's Atmosphere

Vol. 139, 2003

ISSN: 0065-8448; ISBN: 0-87590-998-1

Volcanism and the Earth's Atmosphere

A. Robock and C. Oppenheimer (Eds.)

Volcanic activity can have a profound effect on the Earth's atmosphere and environment across many spatial and temporal scales. From being the source of most gases in the atmosphere over geologic time scales, to producing climate change, to threatening aviation, volcanic eruptions as well as non-eruptive volcanic gas and particle emissions provide a strong link between the lithosphere and the impact of the atmosphere on human activities. Since the massive 1991 Mt. Pinatubo eruption we have gained—and continue to gain—greater understanding of the impacts of volcanic eruptions on the atmosphere and climate. Among other things, we have learned about the winter warming effect on Northern Hemisphere continents, about effects on ozone chemistry, and about the impacts of volcanic radiative forcing on the carbon cycle. The importance of quantifying the effects of volcanic eruptions on interdecadal climate change has become more apparent in the context of anthropogenic global warming. New instruments and techniques have strengthened our ability to measure volcanic gas and aerosol concentrations, fluxes, and chemistry in the atmosphere. And new ice cores have allowed us to significantly improve the record of past volcanism.

Citation: Robock, A., and C. Oppenheimer (Eds.) (2003), Volcanism and the Earth's Atmosphere, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 139, 360 pp., AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/GM139.

Robock, Alan; Oppenheimer, Clive


pp. vii-viii

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Robock, Alan

Introduction: Mount Pinatubo as a test of climate feedback mechanisms

pp. 1-8

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Scaillet, Bruno; Luhr, James F.; Carroll, Michael R.

Petrological and volcanological constraints on volcanic sulfur emissions to the atmosphere

pp. 11-40

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Aiuppa, Alessandro; Dongarrà, Gaetano; Valenza, Mariano; Federico, Cinzia; Pecoraino, Giovannella

Degassing of trace volatile metals during the 2001 eruption of Etna

pp. 41-54

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Hofmann, Dave; Barnes, John; Dutton, Ellsworth; Deshler, Terry; Jäger, Horst; Keen, Richard; Osborn, Mary

Surface-based observations of volcanic emissions to the stratosphere

pp. 57-73

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Prata, A. J.; Rose, W. I.; Self, S.; O'Brien, D. M.

Global, long-term sulphur dioxide measurements from TOVS data: A new tool for studying explosive volcanism and climate

pp. 75-92

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Bingen, Christine; Fussen, Didier; Vanhellemont, Filip

Characterization of stratospheric aerosol distribution for volcanic and non-volcanic aerosols observed through 16 years of SAGE II data (1984–2000)

pp. 93-105

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Rose, W. I.; Gu, Y.; Watson, I. M.; Yu, T.; Blut, G. J. S.; Prata, A. J.; Krueger, A. J.; Krotkov, N.; Carn, S.; Fromm, M. D.; Hunton, D. E.; Ernst, G. G. J.; Viggiano, A. A.; Miller, T. M.; Ballenthin, J. O.; Reeves, J. M.; Wilson, J. C.; Anderson, B. E.; Flittner, D. E.

The February–March 2000 eruption of Hekla, Iceland from a satellite perspective

pp. 107-132

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Galindo, Ignacio; Domínguez, Tonatiuh

Real-time AVHRR thermal monitoring and ash detection: The case of Colima Volcano (Mexico)

pp. 133-150

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Mosley-Thompson, Ellen; Mashiotta, Tracy A.; Thompson, Lonnie G.

High resolution ice core records of late Holocene volcanism: Current and future contributions from the Greenland PARCA core

pp. 153-164

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Budner, Drew; Cole-Dai, Jihong

The number and magnitude of large explosive volcanic eruptions between 904 and 1865 A.D.: Quantitative evidence from a new South Pole ice core

pp. 165-176

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Naveau, Philippe; Ammann, Caspar M.; Oh, Hee-Seok; Guo, Wensheng

An automatic statistical methodology to extract pulse-like forcing factors in climatic time series: Application to volcanic events

pp. 177-186

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Mather, T. A.; Pyle, D. M.; Oppenheimer, C.

Tropospheric volcanic aerosol

pp. 189-212

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Timmreck, Claudia; Graf, Hans-F.; Steil, Benedikt

Aerosol chemistry interactions after the Mt. Pinatubo eruption

pp. 213-225

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Rosenfield, Joan E.

Effects of volcanic eruptions on stratospheric ozone recovery

pp. 227-236

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Jones, P. D.; Moberg, A.; Osborn, T. J.; Briffa, K. R.

Surface climate responses to explosive volcanic eruptions seen in long European temperature records and mid-to-high latitude tree-ring density around the Northern Hemisphere

pp. 239-254

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

D'Arrigo, Rosanne; Jacoby, Gordon; Frank, David

Dendroclimatological evidence for major volcanic events of the past two millennia

pp. 255-261

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Jacoby, Gordon; D'Arrigo, Rosanne

The Laki eruption and observed dendroclimatic effects of volcanism

pp. 263-272

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Prohom, M. J.; Esteban, P.; Martín-Vide, J.; Jones, P. D.

Surface atmospheric circulation over Europe following major tropical volcanic eruptions, 1780–1995

pp. 273-281

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Collins, Matthew

Predictions of climate following volcanic eruptions

pp. 283-300

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Fedele, Francesco G.; Giaccio, Biagio; Isaia, Roberto; Orsi, Giovanni

The Campanian Ignimbrite Eruption, Heinrich Event 4, and palaeolithic change in Europe: A high-resolution investigation

pp. 301-325

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

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