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Geophysical Monograph Series



  • Ocean-atmosphere interaction
  • Climatic changes

Earth's Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction

Vol. 147, 2004

ISSN: 0065-8448; ISBN: 0-87590-412-2

Earth's Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction

C. Wang, S.-P. Xie, and J. A. Carton (Eds.)

It is more than 30 years since the publication of Jacob Bjerknes' groundbreaking ideas made clear the importance of ocean-atmosphere interaction in the tropics. It is now more than 20 years since the arrival of a massive El Niño in the fall of 1982 set off a cascade of observational and theoretical studies. During the following decades, the climate research community has made exceptional progress in refining our capacity to observe earth's climate and theorize about it, including new satellite-based and in situ monitoring systems and coupled ocean-atmosphere predictive numerical models. Of equal importance. is the expanding scope ofresearch, which now reaches far beyond the Pacific El Niño and includes climate phenomena in other ocean basins.
In order to cover the now global context of ocean-atmosphere interaction we have organized this monograph around five principal themes, each introduced by one or more broad overview papers. Theme I covers interaction and climate variability in the Pacific sector, with extensive discussion of El Niño-Southern Oscillation, and with the possible causes and consequences of variability on both shorter and longer timescales. Theme II is devoted to interaction in the Atlantic sector. This basin exhibits complex behavior, reflecting its geographic location between two major zones of convection as well as neighboring the tropical Pacific. Theme III reviews the recent, exciting progress in our understanding of climate variability in the Indian sector. Theme IV addresses the interaction between the tropics and the extratropics, which are linked through the presence of shallow meridional overturning cells in the ocean. Finally, Theme V discusses overarching issues of cross-basin interaction.

Citation: Wang, C., S.-P. Xie, and J. A. Carton (Eds.) (2004), Earth's Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 147, 405 pp., AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/GM147.

Wang, Chunzai; Xie, Shang-Ping; Carton, James A.


pp. vii-vii

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Wang, Chunzai; Xie, Shang-Ping; Carton, James A.

A global survey of ocean-atmosphere interaction and climate variability

pp. 1-19

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Wang, Chunzai; Picaut, Joël

Understanding ENSO physics—a review

pp. 21-48

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Lengaigne, Matthieu; Boulanger, Jean-Philippe; Menkes, Christophe; Delecluse, Pascale; Slingo, Julia

Westerly wind events in the tropical Pacific and their influence on the coupled ocean-atmosphere system: A review

pp. 49-69

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Sun, De-Zheng

The control of meridional differential surface heating over the level of ENSO activity: A heat-pump hypothesis

pp. 71-83

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Alexander, Michael A.; Lau, Ngar-Cheung; Scott, James D.

Broadening the atmospheric bridge paradigm: ENSO teleconnections to the tropical west Pacific-Indian Oceans over the seasonal cycle and to the north Pacific in summer

pp. 85-103

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Seager, Richard; Karspeck, Alicia R.; Cane, Mark A.; Kushnir, Yochanan; Giannini, Alessandra; Kaplan, Alexey; Kerman, Ben; Velez, Jennifer

Predicting Pacific decadal variability

pp. 105-120

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Xie, Shang-Ping; Carton, James A.

Tropical Atlantic variability: Patterns, mechanisms, and impacts

pp. 121-142

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Barreiro, Marcelo; Giannini, Alessandra; Chang, Ping; Saravanan, R.

On the role of the south Atlantic atmospheric circulation in tropical Atlantic variability

pp. 143-156

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Wu, Lixin; Zhang, Qiong; Liu, Zhengyu

Toward understanding tropical Atlantic variability using coupled modeling surgery

pp. 157-170

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Saravanan, R.; Chang, Ping

Thermodynamic coupling and predictability of tropical sea surface temperature

pp. 171-180

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Jochum, Markus; Murtugudde, Raghu; Malanotte-Rizzoli, Paola; Busalacchi, Antonio J.

Internal variability of the tropical Atlantic Ocean

pp. 181-188

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Yamagata, Toshio; Behera, Swadhin K.; Luo, Jing-Jia; Masson, Sebastien; Jury, Mark R.; Rao, Suryachandra A.

Coupled ocean-atmosphere variability in the tropical Indian Ocean

pp. 189-211

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Annamalai, H.; Murtugudde, Raghu

Role of the Indian Ocean in regional climate variability

pp. 213-246

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Vecchi, Gabriel A.; Harrison, D. E.

Interannual Indian rainfall variability and Indian Ocean sea surface temperature anomalies

pp. 247-259

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Schott, Friedrich A.; McCreary, Julian P., Jr.; Johnson, Gregory C.

Shallow overturning circulations of the tropical-subtropical oceans

pp. 261-304

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Da Silva, Meyre P.; Chang, Ping

Seasonal variation of the subtropical/tropical pathways in the Atlantic Ocean from an ocean data assimilation experiment

pp. 305-318

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Wang, Dongxiao; Liu, Yun; Gu, Dejun

Gyre-connected variations inferred from the circulation indices in the northern Pacific Ocean

pp. 319-328

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Nakamura, Hisashi; Sampe, Takeaki; Tanimoto, Youichi; Shimpo, Akihiko

Observed associations among storm tracks, jet streams and midlatitude oceanic fronts

pp. 329-345

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Kelly, Kathryn A.; Dong, Shenfti

The relationship of western boundary current heat transport and storage to midlatitude ocean-atmosphere interaction

pp. 347-363

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Kawamura, Ryuichi; Aruga, Hiromitsu; Matsuura, Tomonori; Iizuka, Satoshi

Two different regimes of anomalous walker circulation over the Indian and Pacific Oceans before and after the late 1970s

pp. 365-377

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Su, Hui; Neelin, J. David; Meyerson, Joyce E.

Tropical tropospheric temperature and precipitation response to sea surface temperature forcing

pp. 379-392

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Sobel, Adam H.; Bretherton, Christopher S.; Gildor, Hezi; Peters, Matthew E.

Convection, cloud-radiative feedbacks and thermodynamic ocean coupling in simple models of the Walker circulation

pp. 393-405

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

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