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Geophysical Monograph Series



  • Ocean-atmosphere interaction
  • Climatic changes




Chunzai Wang

NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida

Shang-Ping Xie

International Pacific Research Center and Department of Meteorology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii

James A. Carton

Department of Meteorology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

It is more than 30 years since the publication of Jacob Bjerknes' groundbreaking ideas made clear the importance of ocean-atmosphere interaction in the tropics. It is now more than 20 years since the arrival of a massive El Niño in the fall of 1982 set off a cascade of observational and theoretical studies. During the following decades, the climate research community has made exceptional progress in refining our capacity to observe earth's climate and theorize about it, including new satellite-based and in situ monitoring systems and coupled ocean-atmosphere predictive numerical models. Of equal importance is the expanding scope of research, which now reaches far beyond the Pacific El Niño and includes climate phenomena in other ocean basins.

Citation: Wang, C., S.-P. Xie, and J. A. Carton (2004), Preface, in Earth's Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 147, edited by C. Wang, S.-P. Xie, and J. A. Carton, pp. vii–vii, AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/147GM00.

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