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Geophysical Monograph Series



  • Hydrothermal circulation (Oceanography)
  • Mid-ocean ridges—Research
  • Hydrothermal vents
  • Sea-floor spreading
  • Earth-Crust

Mid-Ocean Ridges: Hydrothermal Interactions Between the Lithosphere and Oceans

Vol. 148, 2004

ISSN: 0065-8448; ISBN: 0-87590-413-0

Mid-Ocean Ridges: Hydrothermal Interactions Between the Lithosphere and Oceans

C. R. German, J. Lin, and L. M. Parson (Eds.)

Mid-ocean ridges play an important role in the plate-tectonic cycle of our planet. Extending some 50–60,000 km across the ocean-floor, the global mid-ocean ridge system is the site of creation of the oceanic crust and lithosphere that covers more than two thirds of the Earth's exterior. Approximately 75% of Earth's total heat flux occurs through oceanic crust, much of it at mid-ocean ridges through complex processes associated with magma solidification, heat transfer, and cooling of young oceanic lithosphere. While the majority of this heat loss occurs through conduction, approximately one third of the total heat loss at mid-ocean ridges is influenced by a convective process: hydrothermal circulation.

Citation: German, C. R., J. Lin, and L. M. Parson (Eds.) (2004), Mid-Ocean Ridges: Hydrothermal Interactions Between the Lithosphere and Oceans, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 148, 318 pp., AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/GM148.

German, Christopher R.; Lin, Jian; Parson, Lindsay M.


pp. vii-viii

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

German, Christopher R.; Lin, Jian

The thermal structure of the oceanic crust, ridge-spreading and hydrothermal circulation: How well do we understand their inter-connections?

pp. 1-18

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Sinha, Martin C.; Evans, Rob L.

Gephysical constraints upon the thermal regime of the ocean crust

pp. 19-62

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Searle, R. C.; Escartín, J.

The rheology and morphology of oceanic lithosphere and mid-ocean ridges

pp. 63-93

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Chen, Yongshun John

Modeling the thermal state of the oceanic crust

pp. 95-110

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Cannat, Mathilde; Cann, Joe; Maclennan, John

Some hard rock constraints on the supply of heat to mid-ocean ridges

pp. 111-149

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Behn, Mark D.; Lin, Jian; Zuber, Maria T.

Effects of hydrothermal cooling and magma injection on mid-ocean ridge temperature structure, deformation, and axial morphology

pp. 151-165

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

deMartin, Brian; Hirth, Greg; Evans, Brian

Experimental constraints on thermal cracking of peridotite at oceanic spreading centers

pp. 167-185

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Fornari, Daniel; Tivey, Maurice; Schouten, Hans; Perfit, Michael; Yoerger, Dana; Bradley, Al; Edwards, Margo; Haymon, Rachel; Scheirer, Daniel; Von Damm, Karen; Shank, Timothy; Soule, Adam

Submarine lava flow emplacement at the East Pacific Rise 9°50′N: Implications for uppermost ocean crust stratigraphy and hydrothermal fluid circulation

pp. 187-217

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Lowell, Robert P.; Germanovich, Leonid N.

Hydrothermal processes at mid-ocean ridges: Results from scale analysis and single-pass models

pp. 219-244

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Baker, Edward T.; German, Christopher R.

On the global distribution of hydrothermal vent fields

pp. 245-266

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Seyfried, W. E., Jr.; Foustoukos, D. I.; Allen, D. E.

Ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal systems at mid-ocean ridges: Chemical and physical controls on pH, redox and carbon reduction reactions

pp. 267-284

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Von Damm, Karen L.

Evolution of the hydrothermal system at East Pacific Rise 9°50′N: Geochemical evidence for changes in the upper oceanic crust

pp. 285-304

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Naar, D. F.; Hekinian, R.; Segonzac, M.; Francheteau, J.; Armijo, R.; Cogne, J.-P.; Constantin, M.; Girardeau, J.; Hey, R. N.; Searle, R. C.

Vigorous venting and biology at Pito Seamount, Easter microplate

pp. 305-318

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

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