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Geophysical Monograph Series



  • Perovskite

Post-Perovskite: The Last Mantle Phase Transition

Vol. 174, 2007

ISSN: 0065-8448; ISBN: 978-0-87590-439-9

Post-Perovskite: The Last Mantle Phase Transition

K. Hirose, J. Brodholt, T. Lay, and D. Yuen (Eds.)

This book summarizes findings on the newly discovered “post-perovskite phase transition” in the lower mantle that may explain the nature of the D″ layer and has important implications for many fields in solid Earth geophysics, such as mineral physics, seismology, geodynamics, and geochemistry. It is based on a series of conferences on the Earth's mantle and deep interior held in 2004 and 2005. Topics discussed including the following.
• Rapid progress in the study of Earth's lowermost mantle during the first three years after the discovery of post-perovskite.
• The synergistic, multidisciplinary analysis of post-perovskite enabled by recent advances in experimental and theoretical methods, seismic data analyses, and computational geodynamics.
• The insights provided into the major internal thermo-chemical boundary layer of the Earth, offering advanced understanding that mirrors that for the lithosphere over the past 30 years.
• The exploration of the dynamical effect of post-perovskite phase change that occurs right above the CMB with extremely steep Clapeyron slope, whose magnitude is three to four times greater than for upper-mantle phase transitions.
• The summary of remaining unsolved problems and future studies on the post-perovskite and lowermost mantle.
Post-Perovskite: The Last Mantle Phase Transition presents the full span of post-perovskite attributes, including characterization by experimental and theoretical mineral physics, seismological interpretations, and dynamical considerations. This book illustrates why the last silicate phase transition in the mantle is eliciting such excitement and concentrated effort.

Citation: Hirose, K., J. Brodholt, T. Lay, and D. Yuen (Eds.) (2007), Post-Perovskite: The Last Mantle Phase Transition, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 174, 287 pp., AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/GM174.

Prewitt, Charles T.


pp. vii-viii

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Hirose, Kei; Brodholt, John; Lay, Thorne; Yuen, David A.

An introduction to post-perovskite: The last mantle phase transition

pp. 1-7

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Yagi, Takehiko

Review of experimental studies on mantle phase transitions

pp. 9-18

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Hirose, Kei

Discovery of post-perovskite phase transition and the nature of D″ layer

pp. 19-35

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Mao, Wendy L.; Campbell, Andrew J.; Prakapenka, Vitali B.; Hemley, Russell J.; Mao, Ho-kwang

Effect of iron on the properties of post-perovskite silicate

pp. 37-46

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Li, Jie

Electronic transitions and spin states in the lower mantle

pp. 47-68

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Yamazaki, Daisuke; Karato, Shun-ichiro

Lattice-preferred orientation of lower mantle materials and seismic anisotropy in the D″ layer

pp. 69-78

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Wentzcovitch, Renata M.; Umemoto, Koichiro; Tsuchiya, Taku; Tsuchiya, Jun

Thermodynamic Properties and Stability Field of MgSiO3 Post-Perovskite

pp. 79-97

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Stackhouse, Stephen; Brodholt, John P.

The high-temperature elasticity of MgSiO3 post-perovskite

pp. 99-113

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Caracas, Razvan; Cohen, Ronald E.

Effect of chemistry on the physical properties of perovskite and post-perovskite

pp. 115-128

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Lay, Thorne; Garnero, Edward J.

Reconciling the post-perovskite phase with seismological observations of lowermost mantle structure

pp. 129-153

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Sun, Daoyuan; Helmberger, Don; Song, Xiaodong; Grand, Stephen P.

Predicting a global perovskite and post-perovskite phase boundary

pp. 155-170

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Wookey, James; Kendall, John-Michael

Seismic anisotropy of post-perovskite and the lowermost mantle

pp. 171-189

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Houser, Christine

Constraints on the presence or absence of post-perovskite in the lowermost mantle from long-period seismology

pp. 191-216

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Peltier, W. R.

Mantle dynamics and the D″ layer: Impacts of the post perovskite phase

pp. 217-227

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Tackley, Paul J.; Nakagawa, Takashi; Hernlund, John W.

Influence of the post-perovskite transition on thermal and thermo-chemical mantle convection

pp. 229-247

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Yuen, David A.; Matyska, Ctirad; Čadek, Ondřej; Kameyama, Masanori

The dynamical influences from physical properties in the lower mantle and post-perovskite phase transition

pp. 249-270

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Petford, Nick; Rushmer, Tracy; Yuen, David A.

Deformation-induced mechanical instabilities at the core-mantle boundary

pp. 271-287

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

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