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Geophysical Monograph Series



  • Carbon sequestration
  • Carbon cycle (Biogeochemistry)

Index Terms

  • 1615 Global Change: Biogeochemical cycles, processes, and modeling
  • 1625 Global Change: Geomorphology and weathering



Next-generation terrestrial carbon monitoring

Steven W. Running

Numerical Terradynamic Simulation Group (NTSG), University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, USA

Ramakrishna R. Nemani

NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, USA

John R. G. Townshend

Department of Geography, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA

Dennis D. Baldocchi

Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA

The first glimpse for humanity of global carbon monitoring was the invaluable record of atmospheric carbon dioxide measurements on the summit of Mauna Loa, initiated in 1958 by Charles David Keeling. Terrestrial carbon monitoring at the global scale only became possible with the advent of earth observation satellites in the early 1980s. Current science now allows an integration of satellite data, ground stations, and field observations integrated by mechanistic carbon cycle models. However this observational potential has not been realized by current systems, and international investments and coordination are needed. Future policy decisions on mitigating climate change, monitoring carbon credits, and developing biofuels will put a high demand on accurate monitoring and understanding of the global carbon cycle.

Citation: Running, S. W., R. R. Nemani, J. R. G. Townshend, and D. D. Baldocchi (2009), Next-generation terrestrial carbon monitoring, in Carbon Sequestration and Its Role in the Global Carbon Cycle, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 183, edited by B. J. McPherson and E. T. Sundquist, pp. 49–69, AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/2006GM000526.


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