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Geophysical Monograph Series



  • Rain forest ecology—Amazon River Region
  • Biosphere—Research—Amazon River Region
  • Climatic changes—Amazon River Region
  • Amazon River Region—Climate

Index Terms

  • 1820 Hydrology: Floodplain dynamics
  • 1879 Hydrology: Watershed
  • 1813 Hydrology: Eco-hydrology



Surface waters in Amazonia: Key findings and perspectives

John M. Melack

Bren School of Environmental Science and Management and Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, USA

Reynaldo L. Victoria

Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura, Piracicaba, Brazil

Javier Tomasella

Centro de Ciência do Sistema Terrestre, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, Cachoeira Paulista, Brazil

The four chapters representing studies of surface waters in Amazonia span spatial scales from very small catchments to the whole lowland Amazon basin. Hydrological aspects are examined with detailed field studies, remote sensing, and modeling. Organic carbon at all scales, and nitrogen and phosphorus in small catchments are emphasized. This introductory chapter highlights key findings reported in the four chapters and offers synthetic perspectives.

Citation: Melack, J. M., R. L. Victoria, and J. Tomasella (2009), Surface waters in Amazonia: Key findings and perspectives, in Amazonia and Global Change, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 186, edited by M. Keller et al., pp. 485–488, AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/2009GM000876.


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