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Geophysical Monograph Series

 

Keywords

  • Sea-floorspreading
  • Hydrothermaldeposits
  • Chemicaloceanography
  • Hydrothermalvents
  • Sea-floor spreading
  • Hydrothermal deposits
  • Chemical oceanography
  • Hydrothermal vents

Index Terms

  • 3017 Marine Geology and Geophysics: Hydrothermal systems (0450, 1034, 3616, 4832, 8135, 8424)
  • 3035 Marine Geology and Geophysics: Midocean ridge processes
  • 8178 Tectonophysics: Tectonics and magmatism
  • 8416 Volcanology: Mid-oceanic ridge processes (1032, 3614)

Diversity of Hydrothermal Systems on Slow Spreading Ocean Ridges

Vol. 188, 2010

GEOPHYSICAL MONOGRAPH SERIES, VOL. 188, 440 PP., 2010
ISSN: 0065-8448; ISBN: 978-0-87590-478-8

Diversity of Hydrothermal Systems on Slow Spreading Ocean Ridges

P. A. Rona, C. W. Devey, J. Dyment, and B. J. Murton (Eds.)

Diversity of Hydrothermal Systems on Slow Spreading Ocean Ridges presents a multidisciplinary overview of the remarkable emerging diversity of hydrothermal systems on slow spreading ocean ridges in the Atlantic, Indian, and Arctic oceans. When hydrothermal systems were first found on the East Pacific Rise and other Pacific Ocean ridges beginning in the late 1970s, the community consensus held that the magma delivery rate of intermediate to fast spreading was necessary to support black smoker-type high-temperature systems and associated chemosynthetic ecosystems and polymetallic sulfide deposits. Contrary to that consensus, hydrothermal systems not only occur on slow spreading ocean ridges but, as reported in this volume, are generally larger, exhibit different chemosynthetic ecosystems, produce larger mineral deposits, and occur in a much greater diversity of geologic settings than those systems in the Pacific. The full diversity of hydrothermal systems on slow spreading ocean ridges, reflected in the contributions to this volume, is only now emerging and opens an exciting new frontier for ocean ridge exploration, including
• Processes of heat and chemical transfer from the Earth's mantle and crust via slow spreading ocean ridges to the oceans
• The major role of detachment faulting linking crust and mantle in hydrothermal circulation
• Chemical reaction products of mantle involvement including serpentinization, natural hydrogen, abiotic methane, and hydrocarbon synthesis
• Generation of large polymetallic sulfide deposits hosted in ocean crust and mantle
• Chemosynthetic vent communities hosted in the diverse settings
The readership for this volume will include schools, universities, government laboratories, and scientific societies in developed and developing nations, including over 150 nations that have ratified the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

Citation: Rona, P. A., C. W. Devey, J. Dyment, and B. J. Murton (Eds.) (2010), Diversity of Hydrothermal Systems on Slow Spreading Ocean Ridges, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 188, 440 pp., AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/GM188.

Rona, Peter A.; Devey, Colin W.; Dyment, Jérôme; Murton, Bramley J.

Preface

pp. vii-vii

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Rona, Peter A.; Devey, Colin W.; Dyment, Jérôme; Murton, Bramley J.

Diversity of hydrothermal systems on slow spreading ocean ridges: Introduction

pp. 1-3

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Rona, Peter A.

Emerging diversity of hydrothermal systems on slow spreading ocean ridges

pp. 5-10

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Lowell, Robert P.

Hydrothermal circulation at slow spreading ridges: Analysis of heat sources and heat transfer processes

pp. 11-26

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Edmonds, Henrietta N.

Chemical signatures from hydrothermal venting on slow spreading ridges

pp. 27-42

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Tivey, Maurice A.; Dyment, Jérôme

The magnetic signature of hydrothermal systems in slow spreading environments

pp. 43-66

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Pedersen, Rolf B.; Thorseth, Ingunn H.; Nygård, Tor Eivind; Lilley, Marvin D.; Kelley, Deborah S.

Hydrothermal activity at the Arctic mid-ocean ridges

pp. 67-89

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Elders, Wilfred A.; Friðleifsson, Guðmundur Ómar

Implications of the Iceland Deep Drilling Project for improving understanding of hydrothermal processes at slow spreading mid-ocean ridges

pp. 91-112

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Crawford, Wayne C.; Singh, Satish C.; Seher, Tim; Combier, Violaine; Dusunur, Doga; Cannat, Mathilde

Crustal structure, magma chamber, and faulting beneath the Lucky Strike Hydrothermal Vent Field

pp. 113-132

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Devey, C. W.; German, C. R.; Haase, K. M.; Lackschewitz, K. S.; Melchert, B.; Connelly, D. P.

The relationships between volcanism, tectonism, and hydrothermal activity on the Southern Equatorial Mid-Atlantic Ridge

pp. 133-152

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Sauter, Daniel; Cannat, Mathilde

The ultraslow spreading Southwest Indian Ridge

pp. 153-173

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

John, Barbara E.; Cheadle, Michael J.

Deformation and alteration associated with oceanic and continental detachment fault systems: Are they similar?

pp. 175-205

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

McCaig, Andrew M.; Delacour, Adélie; Fallick, Anthony E.; Castelain, Teddy; Früh-Green, Gretchen L.

Detachment fault control on hydrothermal circulation systems: Interpreting the subsurface beneath the TAG hydrothermal field using the isotopic and geological evolution of oceanic core complexes in the Atlantic

pp. 207-239

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Cannat, Mathilde; Fontaine, Fabrice; Escartín, Javier

Serpentinization and associated hydrogen and methane fluxes at slow spreading ridges

pp. 241-264

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Charlou, Jean Luc; Donval, Jean Pierre; Konn, Cécile; Ondréas, Hélène; Fouquet, Yves; Jean-Baptiste, Philippe; Fourré, Elise

High production and fluxes of H2 and CH4 and evidence of abiotic hydrocarbon synthesis by serpentinization in ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal systems on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

pp. 265-296

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Seyfried, W. E., Jr.; Pester, Nicholas; Fu, Qi

Phase equilibria controls on the chemistry of vent fluids from hydrothermal systems on slow spreading ridges: Reactivity of plagioclase and olivine solid solutions and the pH-silica connection

pp. 297-320

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Fouquet, Yves; Cambon, Pierre; Etoubleau, Joël; Charlou, Jean Luc; Ondréas, Hélène; Barriga, Fernando J. A. S.; Cherkashov, Georgy; Semkova, Tatiana; Poroshina, Irina; Bohn, M.; Donval, Jean Pierre; Henry, Katell; Murphy, Pamela; Rouxel, Olivier

Geodiversity of hydrothermal processes along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and ultramafic-hosted mineralization: A new type of oceanic Cu-Zn-Co-Au volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit

pp. 321-367

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Kelley, Deborah S.; Shank, Timothy M.

Hydrothermal systems: A decade of discovery in slow spreading environments

pp. 369-407

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Le Bris, N.; Duperron, S.

Chemosynthetic communities and biogeochemical energy pathways along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: The case of Bathymodiolus azoricus

pp. 409-429

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

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