FastFind »   Lastname: doi:10.1029/ Year: Advanced Search  

Geophysical Monograph Series



  • Stratosphere
  • Whirlwinds
  • Dynamic meteorology
  • annularmodes
  • atmosphericdynamics
  • stratosphere-troposphereinteractions
  • generalcirculation
  • ArcticoscillationandAntarcticoscillation
  • climatechange

Index Terms

  • 3319 Atmospheric Processes: General circulation
  • 3362 Atmospheric Processes: Stratosphere/troposphere interactions
  • 3305 Atmospheric Processes: Climate change and variability
  • 3334 Atmospheric Processes: Middle atmosphere dynamics



Annular modes of the troposphere and stratosphere

Paul J. Kushner

Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

A pedagogical review of the phenomenology, dynamics, and simulation of the annular modes is presented. First, the manner in which the annular modes capture the principal features of variability in the zonal mean circulation of the extratropical stratosphere and troposphere is demonstrated. Next, elementary ideas about annular mode dynamics, in particular, the distinct eddy mean-flow interactions that govern the modes in the troposphere and stratosphere, are introduced. The review concludes with a discussion of the representation of the annular modes in simplified and comprehensive general circulation models in the context of stratosphere-troposphere interactions in intraseasonal variability and climate change.

Citation: Kushner, P. J. (2010), Annular modes of the troposphere and stratosphere, in The Stratosphere: Dynamics, Transport, and Chemistry, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 190, edited by L. M. Polvani, A. H. Sobel, and D. W. Waugh, pp. 59–91, AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/2009GM000924.


Please wait one moment ...

Cited By

Please wait one moment ...