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Geophysical Monograph Series

 

Keywords

  • bottom-up
  • resource-based framework
  • vulnerability
  • risk assessment
  • adaptation and mitigation
  • climate variability and change
  • top-down approach

Index Terms

  • 3305 Atmospheric Processes: Climate change and variability
  • 3322 Atmospheric Processes: Land/atmosphere interactions
  • 3355 Atmospheric Processes: Regional modeling
  • 3337 Atmospheric Processes: Global climate models

Article

GEOPHYSICAL MONOGRAPH SERIES, VOL. 196, PP. 345-359, 2012

Dealing With Complexity and Extreme Events Using a Bottom-Up, Resource-Based Vulnerability Perspective

R. A. Pielke Sr., R. Wilby, D. Niyogi, F. Hossain, K. Dairuku, J. Adegoke, G. Kallos, T. Seastedt, and K. Suding

We discuss the adoption of a bottom-up, resource-based vulnerability approach in evaluating the effect of climate and other environmental and societal threats to societally critical resources. This vulnerability concept requires the determination of the major threats to local and regional water, food, energy, human health, and ecosystem function resources from extreme events including those from climate but also from other social and environmental issues. After these threats are identified for each resource, then the relative risks can be compared with other risks in order to adopt optimal preferred mitigation/adaptation strategies. This is a more inclusive way of assessing risks, including from climate variability and climate change, than using the outcome vulnerability approach adopted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). A contextual vulnerability assessment using the bottom-up, resource-based framework is a more inclusive approach for policy makers to adopt effective mitigation and adaptation methodologies to deal with the complexity of the spectrum of social and environmental extreme events that will occur in the coming decades as the range of threats are assessed, beyond just the focus on CO2 and a few other greenhouse gases as emphasized in the IPCC assessments.

Citation: Pielke, R. A., Sr., R. Wilby, D. Niyogi, F. Hossain, K. Dairuku, J. Adegoke, G. Kallos, T. Seastedt, and K. Suding (2012), Dealing with complexity and extreme events using a bottom-up, resource-based vulnerability perspective, in Extreme Events and Natural Hazards: The Complexity Perspective, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 196, edited by A. S. Sharma et al. 345–359, AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/2011GM001086.

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