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Water Science and Applications

 

Keywords

  • Meteorology—Mathematical models
  • Climatology—Mathematical models
  • Hydrology—Mathematical models

Index Terms

  • 1866 Hydrology: Soil moisture
  • 1800 Hydrology
  • 1836 Hydrology: Hydrologic budget (1655)

Land Surface Hydrology, Meteorology, and Climate: Observations and Modeling

Vol. 3, 2001

WATER SCIENCE AND APPLICATION, VOL. 3, 246 PP., 2001
ISSN: 1526-758X; ISBN: 0-87590-352-5

Land Surface Hydrology, Meteorology, and Climate: Observations and Modeling

V. Lakshmi, J. Albertson, and J. Schaake (Eds.)

Land surface hydrology integrates various physical, chemical and biological processes that occur above, on, and below the surface of the Earth. As a result, it is critical to accurately account for land surface processes within predictive models of hydrology, meteorology, and climate.
One of our main difficulties, however, concerns the broad range of spatial and temporal scales that characterize land surface hydrological processes. For example, we determine infiltration by pore scale physics, while soil hydraulic conductivity remains a field scale property. Photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration occur at the leaf scale. Runoff is a catchment scale process, and the variability of groundwater storage is a regional scale issue. Turbulence in land‐atmosphere exchanges of heat, moisture, and momentum occur on the order of seconds to minutes, while variations in land surface and air temperatures occur much more gradually: on the order of hours. The persistence of floods and droughts is seasonal to annual, and so is the effect of El Nino on regional hydrology. Long‐term climate effects occur much more slowly, on the order of years to decades.

Citation: Lakshmi, V., J. Albertson, and J. Schaake (Eds.) (2001), Land Surface Hydrology, Meteorology, and Climate: Observations and Modeling, Water Sci. Appl., vol. 3, 246 pp., AGU, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/WS003.

Lakshmi, Venkataraman

Preface

pp. v-v

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Lakshmi, Venkataraman

Introduction

pp. 1-4

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Eichinger, William E.; Parlange, Marc B.; Katul, Gabriel G.

Lidar measurements of the dimensionless humidity gradient in the unstable atmospheric surface layer

pp. 7-13

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Kustas, William P.; Diak, George R.; Norman, John M.

Time difference methods for monitoring regional scale heat fluxes with remote sensing

pp. 15-29

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Katul, Gabriel G.; Lai, Chun-Ta; Siqueira, Mario; Schäfer, Karina; Albertson, John D.; Wesson, Karen H.; Ellsworth, David; Oren, Ram

Inferring scalar sources and sinks within canopies using forward and inverse methods

pp. 31-45

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Cuenca, Richard H.; Kelly, Shaun F.

Ground-based soil moisture and soil hydraulic property observations in regional scale experiments

pp. 47-61

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Bastidas, Luis A.; Gupta, Hoshin V.; Sorooshian, Soroosh

Bounding the parameters of land-surface schemes using observational data

pp. 65-76

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Duan, Qingyun; Schaake, John; Koren, Victor

A Priori estimation of land surface model parameters

pp. 77-94

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Koster, Randal D.; Dirmeyer, Paul A.; Milly, P. C. D.; Russell, Gary L.

Comparing GCM-generated land surface water budgets using a simple common framework

pp. 95-105

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Chen, Fei; Pielke, Roger A., Sr.; Mitchell, Kenneth

Development and application of land-surface models for mesoscale atmospheric models: Problems and promises

pp. 107-135

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Maurer, Edwin P.; O'Donnell, Greg M.; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; Roads, John O.

Evaluation of NCEP/NCAR reanalysis water and energy budgets using macroscale hydrologic model simulations

pp. 137-158

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Mohr, Karen I.; Famiglietti, James S.; Boone, Aaron

The effect of sub-grid variability of soil moisture on the simulation of mesoscale watershed hydrology: A case study from the Southern Great Plains 1997 Hydrology Experiment

pp. 161-176

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Knorr, Wolfgang; Lakshmi, Venkataraman

Assimilation of fAPAR and surface temperature into a land surface and vegetation model

pp. 177-200

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Woods, Ross; Grayson, Rodger; Western, Andrew; Duncan, Maurice; Wilson, David; Young, Rodger; Ibbitt, Richard; Henderson, Roddy; McMahon, Tom

Experimental design and initial results from the Mahurangi River variability experiment: MARVEX

pp. 201-213

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Lawford, Richard G.

Integration of land observations and modeling: Experiences and strategies of a large scale experiment

pp. 215-230

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

Piechota, Thomas C.; Chiew, Francis H. S.; Dracup, John A.

Hydrological implications of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO): Observations and hydrologic forecasting

pp. 231-246

[Abstract] | [Chapter] | [Full Text (PDF)]

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