FastFind »   Lastname: doi:10.1029/ Year: Advanced Search  

G-Cubed: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems



  • Coast
  • GPS
  • InSAR
  • Sea Level
  • Subsidence
  • Venice Lagoon

Index Terms

  • 1240 - Satellite geodesy: results
  • 1641 - Sea level change
  • 4323 - Human impact

Paper in Press


Recent Subsidence of the Venice Lagoon from Continuous GPS and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar

Key Points
  • Natural land subsidence in Venice must be considered in effort to save the city
  • GPS and InSAR measurements need to be combined properly for vertical deformation
  • Accuracy of vertical deformation is on the 0.1-0.2 mm/yr wrt global frame


Yehuda Bock

Shimon Wdowinski

Alessandro Ferretti

Fabrizio Novali

Alfio Fumagalli

Coastal regions are increasingly affected by larger storms and rising sea level predicted by global warming models, aggravating the situation in the city of Venice where tidal-induced seasonal flooding coupled with natural and anthropogenic subsidence have been perennial problems. In light of accelerated efforts to protect Venice from the rise in sea level we assess land subsidence in the Venice Lagoon over the last decade. Through a combined analysis of GPS position time series from 2001.55 to 2011.00 for four stations installed by the Magistrato alle Acque di Venezia and thousands of observations of InSAR permanent scatterers using RADARSAT-1 images from 2003.3 to 2007.85, we determine that the northern lagoon subsides at a rate of 2-3 mm/yr, whereas the southern lagoon subsides at 3-4 mm/yr. The city of Venice continues to subside, at a rate of 1-2 mm/yr, in contrast to geodetic studies in the last decade of the 20th Century suggesting that subsidence has been stabilized. The GPS results indicate a general eastward tilt in subsidence and that the natural subsidence rate related to the retreat of the Adriatic plate subducting beneath the Apennines is at least 0.4-0.6 mm/yr. Our combined GPS and InSAR analysis demonstrates high spatial resolution in the vertical direction with a precision of 0.1-0.2 mm/yr with respect to a global reference frame. Continued efforts to secure the city of Venice from flooding must also take into account the significant local and regional subsidence rates as well as the expected rise in sea level.

Received 23 November 2011; accepted 8 February 2012.

Citation: Bock, Y., S. Wdowinski, A. Ferretti, F. Novali, and A. Fumagalli (2012), Recent Subsidence of the Venice Lagoon from Continuous GPS and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., doi:10.1029/2011GC003976, in press.