Paper in Press
GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, doi:10.1029/2012GL051723
Potential impact of Asian carbon aerosols on future US warming
- Asian black carbon aerosol can enhance US warming by changing the circulation
This study uses an atmosphere-ocean fully coupled climate model to investigate possible remote impacts of Asian carbonaceous aerosols on US climate change. We took a 21st century mitigation scenario as a reference, and carried out three sets of sensitivity experiments in which the prescribed carbonaceous aerosol concentrations over a selected Asian domain are increased by a factor of two, six, and ten respectively during the period of 2005-2024. The resulting enhancement of atmospheric solar absorption (only the direct effect of aerosols is included) over Asia induces tropospheric heating anomalies that force large-scale circulation changes which, averaged over the twenty-year period, add as much as an additional 0.4C warming over the eastern US during winter and over most of the US during summer. Such remote impacts are confirmed by an atmosphere stand-alone experiment with specified heating anomalies over Asia that represent the direct effect of the carbon aerosols.
Received 16 March 2012; accepted 13 May 2012.
Citation: (2012), Potential impact of Asian carbon aerosols on future US warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2012GL051723, in press.