Paper in Press
GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, doi:10.1029/2012GL052723
Uncertainties in the evolution of stratospheric ozone and implications for recent temperature changes in the tropical lower stratosphere
- Tropical stratospheric ozone displays large interannual variability
- Available databases differ in fits to tropical stratospheric ozone trends
- Uncertain stratospheric ozone implies large uncertainties in temperature trends
Observations from satellites and balloons suggest that ozone abundances have decreased in the tropical lower stratosphere since the late 1970s, but this long-term change is occurring in a region of large interannual variability. Three different ozone databases provide regression fits to the ozone observations, and are available for use in model studies of the influence of ozone changes on stratospheric and tropospheric temperatures. Differences between these ozone databases suggest that the estimated decreases of tropical lower stratospheric ozone in recent decades are uncertain by about a factor of two to three. The uncertainties in ozone decreases lead to similar uncertainties in cooling of the tropical lower stratosphere, a key area of focus in climate change studies.
Received 12 June 2012; accepted 3 August 2012.
Citation: (2012), Uncertainties in the evolution of stratospheric ozone and implications for recent temperature changes in the tropical lower stratosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2012GL052723, in press.