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Natural hazards are inevitable, but disasters are not. Scientific research improves our understanding of the ways in which our society is affected by natural hazards. We create a more resilient society where lives are saved and economic losses are minimized when this information is used in formulating public policy and when we take scientifically informed action towards disaster preparation, mitigation, response and recovery.
Natural processes on Earth and in space create many hazards, including earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, tsunamis, floods, droughts, fires, heat waves, storms, space weather, and bolide impacts. Some of these hazards are changing with time, in both frequency and magnitude; in such cases, the past may not be representative of the future. Society’s hazard exposure increases with time as the world’s population rises and is more concentrated in urban areas and in low-lying coastal regions, and with changes in new construction practices and land use. Risk is a function both of hazards and society’s exposure and vulnerability. Dramatic evidence of these risks can be found every year in terms of human and economic losses.
To improve resilience to natural hazards, Earth and space scientists, engineers and social scientists together should (i) strengthen basic research into natural hazards, their impacts and their underlying processes via monitoring, observations, analysis, modeling, and forecasting; (ii) analyze the impact of hazards on the built and social environments to determine how to reduce vulnerability, human and economic losses; and (iii) assess our current state of knowledge about risk associated with natural hazards to provide sound information to policy makers and resource managers, and to identify research gaps and future challenges.
Scientists, engineers, policy makers, business leaders, emergency managers, educators, and other stakeholders should work together toward translating research findings into actions; understanding and responding to stakeholder needs1; and applying new science to improve disaster preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery efforts through close communication, coordination, and collaboration.
A partnership for building a resilient society should be based on:
Adopted by the American Geophysical Union, December 1996; Revised and Reaffirmed December 2000; Reaffirmed December 2004 and December 2005; Revised and Reaffirmed December 2007, February 2012, December 2015.
1 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030: http://www.wcdrr.org/preparatory/post2015
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